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EDUC 701

Course Project: Annotated Bibliography Assignment Instructions

Choose the research question you developed in Course Project: Identifying a Problem Assignment. You will complete a total of three annotated bibliography assignments during the course that will serve as the research foundation of your final paper:

1. Course Project: Annotated Bibliography Sources 1 – 5 Assignment

2. Course Project: Annotated Bibliography Sources 6 – 10 Assignment

3. Course Project: Annotated Bibliography Source 11-15 Assignment

Each Course Project: Annotated Bibliography Assignment must follow current APA format and consist of at least 5 scholarly sources. Each Course Project: Annotated Bibliography Assignment must have a title page with a running head and page numbers. No abstract is required. At least 3 of your scholarly resources must be current empirical, peer-reviewed journal articles. All sources must be directly related to your Research Question. Be sure to select a variety of respected sources you can use in your paper (e.g., journal articles, books, e-books, scholarly websites, etc.).

Each source citation must be followed by an annotation. The annotations are designed to help you and your instructor better understand how your sources connect to your Research Question and Problem. The annotation is not a normally required component of current APA format; rather, it is a specific additional requirement for this assignment. Note the following requirements for your annotated bibliography:

· An annotated bibliography is a list of citations for all resources you used.

· Each citation is followed by a brief (150–200 words), descriptive, and evaluative paragraph (the annotation).

· The purpose of the annotation is to inform the reader of the relevance, accuracy, and quality of the sources cited.

Do not cut and paste from your sources, as this constitutes plagiarism. Most of the time, this occurs as an innocent oversight on the part of the candidate. Regardless of the reason, in the event of plagiarism, you will receive 0 points for the entire assignment per Liberty University’s policy on academic dishonesty.

It is highly recommended that you use the Jerry Falwell Library resources. You will find many tips for formatting in current APA style, navigating databases, locating resources for citation, and returning the best results for your online searches through the Education Resource Guide: EDUC 701 link in the Course Project: Annotated Bibliography Assignment page. Additionally, the Education Department has a Library Liaison who is available to assist you in all matters pertaining to conducting your research, including what constitutes an acceptable article (reputable professional, scholarly journals, and/or informational venues that deal with the content of this course). The Library Liaison’s contact information is located in the Education Resource Guide: EDUC 701.


Format the paper in current APA format and see the grading rubric for specific grading criteria.

EDUC 701

Course Project: Annotated Bibliography Grading Rubric

Criteria

Levels of Achievement

Content 70%

Advanced

Proficient

Developing

Not Present

Content

14 to 15 points

The sources are all clearly related to the problem and research question.

13 points

The problem and research question are covered by the sources, but their relationship to the project is somewhat unclear.

1 to 12 points

The problem and research question are not covered by the sources, and/or the sources are unclear in their relationship to the topic.

0 points

Not present

Timeframe

10 points

At least 3 journal articles are current and have been published within the last 5 years.

8 to 9 points

Two journal articles are current and have been published in the past 5 years.

1 to 7 points

One journal article is current and has been published within the past 5 years.


0 points

Not present

Variety, Level of Writing, and Authority

10 points

A variety of scholarly sources are included in the bibliography, and they are all written at the appropriate scholarship level for this paper’s purpose.

8 to 9 points

A variety of sources are included in the bibliography, but they are not written at the appropriate scholarship level for this paper’s purpose. Mostly (e.g., Internet sites, newspapers, etc.) are used in the bibliography.

1 to 7 points

The sources are inappropriate for this paper’s purpose. None of the sources appear to be scholarly.

0 points

Not present

Structure 30%

Advanced

Proficient

Developing

Not Present

Mechanics

14 to 15 points

Correct references and a minimum of 5 sources are included. The sources are formatted in current APA style and spelling and grammar have no errors. Word count is met.

13 points

Correct references and a minimum of 5 sources are included. Only a few current APA style errors are present and/or a few spelling and grammar errors. Word count is met.

1 to 12 points

Fewer than 5 sources are cited, and/or the sources are not formatted in current APA style and/or spelling and grammar have errors. Word count is not met.

0 points

Not present

Running head: DISCIPLINE ISSUES IN TEACHING AND LEARNING
1

Discipline Issues in Teaching and Learning 2

Discipline Issues in Teaching and Learning

Michael Whitener

Discipline Issues in Teaching and Learning

Discipline is action or inaction that is set in place to govern and regulate the rules of a particular system that is in governance. In teaching and learning, school discipline is undertaken by teachers towards students whose behaviors tend to negatively influence the smooth running of institutions. In recent years discipline issues in teaching and learning have become rampant due to students’ notion that perceives rules as unclear, inconsistently enforced, and unfair. Teachers on the other hand disagreed on appropriate responses to misconduct by students thus causing in-cooperation in the school administration as a result of picking sides and punitive attitudes leading to ignorance towards misconducts making students try to defend their rights. Ineffective parenting also causes discipline issues among students since it dysfunctions the students’ attitudes when peer pressure takes a toll on the students.

Discipline issues as a problem in learning and teaching need to be researched since it has disparities that coincide with its influence in academic excellence since it lowers a students’ control as they involve in less positive activities that divert their attention from the main course which is academics.

Causes of discipline issues

Discipline issues have been brought to the limelight to prove to individuals that indiscipline is not only experienced by learners but also teachers. Situations occur where teachers argue in front of their learners and this lowers the dignity and respect that the students had towards them. The abolition of corporal punishment has devastatingly affected discipline among learners. Learners tend to portray violence and misbehavior having in mind that no physical force can be administered to them by those in authority. Inconsistency in punishing misconduct encourages learners not to comply with rules

leading to increased indiscipline acts. Above all, research on policies that lead to indiscipline needs to be addressed to find cordial ways to extinct it in learning and teaching institutions.

Importance of Discipline Issues

It is more important to note that discipline issues have also had positive effects on the growth of institutions. This is because the discipline issues are not and addressed to ensure it is not experienced in the future. Additionally, it allows those in leadership(teachers) to understand the psychology of learners and how to deal with different misconducts more effectively. The administration of corporal punishment proved effective in the recent past. This mode of punishment made learners accountable for their misconduct which allowed teachers to use physical force without causing harm to drive them in positive directions. Discipline issues have also brought responsible leadership because those in management with poor skills in promoting discipline are observed and replaced by those who are more effective in dealing with indiscipline.

Steps were taken to address discipline issues

Last but not least, steps have been taken to address indiscipline in learning and teaching and some of them are deemed fruitful due to analysis done by researchers. A study was done by Gcelu et al.,(2020) findings revealed that teachers should collaboratively work with the school board of management and student leaders to come up with rules and regulations that favor everyone in that environment

It is also advised that during the implementation of solutions to indiscipline; the management, learners, and teachers should be involved collaboratively in decision making to strategies on effective implementation of rules and regulations. However, I suggest that the creation of a learner-teacher relationship is good in the bonding of the two parties and is more likely to have a positive impact on the

development of an indiscipline-free environment. When a learner has trust towards their teacher they develop self-confidence and tend to follow to what the teacher tells them. A teacher on the other hand

understands how and when to address the learners in case of misconduct. Punishment is also effective to show learners that misconducts have negative reactions and consequences towards them and each punishment should weigh with the degree of the misconduct. Therefore, effective supervision and monitoring ensure that rules and regulations set by the school governing body are adhered to.

Biblical Worldview on Discipline Issues

Christianity encourages discipline among its followers. is important to have self-discipline as well as discipline imposed by God and parents. God in Hebrews 12-1:4 encourages us by telling us to throw off everything that hinders us and causes us to sin which in layman’s English means that we should be disciplined in everything we do to remain righteous in his eyes. Hence, we should always do the right things that make us happy and are accepted by God.

References

Bible Gateway passage: Hebrews 12:1-2 – New international version. (2011). Bible Gateway. https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Hebrews%2012%3A1-2&version=NIV

Gcelu, N., Padayachee, A. S., & Mekhasane, S. D. (2020). Management of indiscipline among secondary school students in Ilembe District, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. African Journal of Gender, Society, and Development, 9(4). https://journals.co.za/doi/abs/10.31920/2634-3622/2020/v9n4a6#

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