Chat with us, powered by LiveChat Read Scenario on Pages 34 – 37 and completely answer all 3 questions. Ethics in Information Technol - Study Help
  

Read Scenario on Pages 34 – 37 and completely answer all 3 questions.

Ethics in Information Technology
Chapter 1
An Overview of Ethics

George W. Reynolds
© 2019 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.

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Develop a problem statement
A clear, concise description of the issue
Don’t make assumptions; verify “facts”
Identify alternatives
Enlist help of others
Choose alternative
Defensible and consistent; consider impact on others
Implement decision
Transition plan
Evaluate results
Poor alternative?
Bad implementation?

Five-Step Ethical Decision-Making Process
© 2019 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.

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What is ethics?
Ethics: A code of behavior defined by the group to which one belongs
Morals: Personal principles upon which an individual bases decisions about right and wrong
A person who acts with integrity acts in accordance with a personal code of principles.
Law: A system of rules that tells us what we can and
cannot do
Code of ethics: States the principles and core values essential to one’s work
An activity may be legal but still not be ethical.
Summary, Part 1
© 2019 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.

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What trends have increased the likelihood of unethical behavior?
More complex work environments make it more difficult to apply principles and codes of ethics consistently.
Organizations may resort to unethical behavior to maintain profits in an uncertain economic climate.
Highly successful individuals may fail to act in morally appropriate ways.

Summary, Part 2
© 2019 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.

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What is corporate social responsibility (CSR), and why is fostering good business ethics important?
CSR: An organization takes responsibility for the impact
of its actions
Supply chain sustainability: Meets current needs without compromising the ability of future generations to meet
their needs
Reasons to foster CSR and good business ethics:
Gain the goodwill of the community
Create an organization that operates consistently
Foster good business practices
Protect the organization and employees from legal action
Avoid unfavorable publicity

Summary, Part 3
© 2019 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.

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What measures can organizations take to improve their business ethics?
Appoint a corporate ethics officer.
Require the board of directors to set and model high
ethical standards.
Establish a corporate code of ethics.
Conduct social audits.
Require employees to take ethics training.
Include ethical criteria in employee appraisals.
Create and ethical work environment.

Summary, Part 4
© 2019 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.

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How can you include ethical considerations in your decision making?
Use a five-step model for decision making:
Define the problem
Identify alternatives
Choose an alternative
Implement the decision
Monitor the results
Incorporate ethical considerations into decision making:
Weigh laws, guidelines, and principals.
Consider the impact of the decision.
Summary, Part 5
© 2019 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.

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What trends have increased the risk that information technology will be used in an unethical manner?
The growth of the Internet and social networks
The ability to capture, store, and analyze vast amounts
of personal data
A greater reliance on information systems in all aspects
of life
The importance of ethics and human values has been underemphasized

Summary, Part 6
© 2019 Cengage. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except for use as permitted in a license distributed with a certain product or service or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.

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